Elko Land and Livestock Company (ELLCo), a subsidiary of Newmont, owns and operates several ranches in Nevada. In addition to exploring and developing mineral resources, Newmont’s four major ranches – TS, Horseshoe, Big Springs and IL – are also managed for traditional uses, such as livestock production and agriculture, as well as for renewable resource development. Combined, the ranches include 750,000 acres of private land and 1.5 million acres of grazing allotments on public lands. Most significantly, the ranches provide land management and mitigation resources to support our mining operations.
All of our ranches have federal grazing allotments and associated grazing permits. The ranches are located in the following Nevada counties:
- TS Ranch – Eureka and Lander counties
- Horseshoe Ranch – Northern Eureka County
- Big Springs Ranch – Elko County
- IL Ranch – Elko, Pershing and Humboldt counties
The ranches’ elevations, soils and vegetation vary from salt-desert shrub in the lower elevation valleys, to sagebrush on the mountain slopes, to aspen trees at the higher elevations. Irrigated croplands and meadows represent the ‘farmland’ on the ranches. Dispersed throughout are riparian areas and associated meadows, springs and streams. Wildlife is abundant and includes many species of neo-tropical birds, waterfowl and upland birds, mule deer, pronghorn antelope and other species. Some of the streams on our ranch land support Lahontan Cutthroat Trout – a threatened species.
The TS Hay Program
The TS hay program began in the early 1870s, when William Dunphy, the founder of the TS Ranch, constructed an irrigation system along the Humboldt River and the Rock Creek floodplain in Boulder Valley. Since that time, both flood and sprinkler irrigation has been expanded and improved. Today, alfalfa, grass, and grain hay are produced and hay is raised primarily as winter-feed for the TS cowherd. The top end hay is directed to the California dairy markets, with the balance of the hay crop being consumed by the TS cowherd or sold to neighboring ranchers.
The TS Cowherd
The TS cowherd comprises approximately 5,500 commercial cows, 750 replacement heifers and 250 herd bulls. These animals are wintered on private pasture lands and spend the summers grazing on public and private rangelands. The herd has been deliberately developed over the past 20 years and is carefully managed for genetics, health and production.
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